Mamayev Kurgan is historical Memorial Complex to the “Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad” and a very visited place in Russia.
According to the legend the name Mamayev Kurgan is associated with the name of the Tatar commander Mamai. The monument-ensemble was unveiled on 15 October 1967.
At the top of the hill is the main monument named The Motherland Calls and depicting a woman with a sword in her hand calling for fight. The height of the statue is 85 metres with the sword and 52 metres without it.
The remains of 34,505 soldiers are buried in the hill. Mamaev Kurgan became a key position in the battle for the Volga banks. Here fierce fightings took place in the last months of 1942. The sidehills of Mamaev Kurgan were plowed by bombs, shells, mines and the soil was mixed with fragments of metal. It was here that the Battle of Stalingrad ended on 2 of February 1943.