The Alexander column shows the center of the Palace Square. Erected in 1834, it was initiated by Tsar Nicolas I. It honors the military victory of his brother Alexander I over Napoleon's troops.
It was made by French architect Auguste Montferrand and is a 25,6 meters-high granite column weighing over 600 tons. It stands on a pedestal, made of the same material and decorated with four bronze low-reliefs. An angel over 4 meters-high holding a cross crowns the structure of a total height of 47.5 meters.