Fields of Mars
Created at the beginning of the 18th century, it replaced a garden called ”Meadows of the Empress”.
Emperor Paul I used to hold military parades there. Between 1798 and 1801 monuments were erected in honor of Marshall Alexander Suvorov and Marshall Pyotr Rumiantsev (the latter was moved to another location in 1818). Around the same time the square started being called ”Fields of Mars”.
Under the ground are the buried places of the victims of the February Revolution (beginnings of the 1917 Revolution). One ear later the workers who died in the uprising of Yaroslavl (July 06-21, 1918) were also buried there. Until 1933 the place was used as a grave for revolutionaries and workers. Since 1965 an eternal flame burns in the center of the square.
On May 8th 1967 the eternal flame of the tomb of the Unknown Soldier of Moscow was lit from the flame of the Fields of Mars.