Taldinskye Caves were made famous by the discovery of signs that they were inhabited in various eras by men. Deep in the caves excavations unveiled pottery objects: three modeled fragments, red-brown pottery that can be dated to the iron age. A fragment from bronze age was also found, it is a corolla from a chiseled vase.
The way the cave was used in ancient times has not yet been discovered. However most experts believe that it was a sort of sanctuary.
Signs of recent life were also found in some of the chambers. There are several theories to explain this: for example the caves could have been used as shelters during the civil war, or Old Believers hermits might have lived there.