This theatre was named after Russian stage director Yevgeny Vakhtangov (1883-1922). Inspired by the methods of Russian drama teacher Konstantin Stanislavski, Vakhtangov founded the Drama Studio for students. In 1921 the “Third Art Theatre of Moscow” was created. In 1923 it became the Vakhtangov Theatre.
During Soviet times and because of its commitments the theatre was prone to censorship. Nowadays its productions still distance themselves from others with their free tone and avant-garde staging.